National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Member since: 1985
NASA conducts its work in three principal organizations, called mission directorates:
– Aeronautics: pioneers and proves new flight technologies that improve our ability to explore and which have practical applications on Earth.
– Human Exploration and Operations: focuses on International Space Station operations and human exploration beyond low Earth orbit.
– Science: explores the Earth, solar system and universe beyond; charts the best route of discovery; and reaps the benefits of Earth and space exploration for society.
In the early 21st century, NASA’s reach spans the universe. The Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity is still studying Mars after arriving with its twin Spirit in 2004. Cassini is in orbit around Saturn, as Juno makes its way to Jupiter. The restored Hubble Space Telescope continues to explore the deepest reaches of the cosmos.
Closer to home, the latest crew of the International Space Station is extending the permanent human presence in space. Earth Science satellites are sending back unprecedented data on Earth’s oceans, climate and other features. NASA’s aeronautics team is working with other government organizations, universities, and industry to fundamentally improve the air transportation experience and retain our nation’s leadership in global aviation.